Projects & Project Management

A project is a change from BAU (Business As Usual).


Managing the change is Project Management.


  • Different responsibilities for managing compared to BAU
  • Provision and control of technical resources on project
  • Demonstrate control of work & that’s it’s justified
    • Meets the needs of the business
  • Continually tests justification


4 major areas of project management focus on

  • Features: the deliverables. The scope of the project
  • Quality. What makes its features fir for purpose/satisfactory to the organisation. The acceptance criteria
  • Time. How long to deliver
  • Cost. How much will the project cost


Other areas:

  • Risk. Threats to objectives of the project
  • Benefits. Payback/reward expected from investment in project


Project Management Models

(Big Design Up Front)  (Enough Design Up Front)



  • Depends on understanding requirements in detail
  • Performing detailed planning
  • Features (scope) & quality; fixed
  • Time & cost may drift to accommodate delays
  • Deadlines place quality under pressure
  • Quality can become eroded



  • Planning just before it is needed
  • Plan as we go along, accepting project will change as solution evolves
  • Incremental steps, checking with business to see what they want doing next



  • Proof that rewards (the benefits) outweigh cost of project
  • Business case identifies benefits promised (in a measurable format) compared against costs, timescales and risks
  • Allows Investment Appraisal to demonstrate if investment is sound


Business Case, comprises of:

  • Reason for change
  • Proposed solution
  • Expected benefits
  • Timescales
  • Costs
  • Risks
  • Investment Appraisal
  • Benefits Assessment, detailed in Benefits Realisation Plan


Planning the change:

  • What needs to be produced (the project management products)
  • Resources required to produce products
  • Costs, timescales
  • Schedule of activities



  • Breadth (what is covered)
  • Depth (level of detail)

Leave a Reply